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GLOSSARY OF TERMS

Bedsores: Simply put, bedsores are areas of injured skin and tissue. They are also known as Pressure Ulcers, Pressure Sores, or Decubitus Ulcers. They are caused by many factors such as: unrelieved pressure, friction, humidity, shear, temperature, age, continence, and medication. They can occur on any part of the body, especially portions over bony or cartilaginous areas such as sacrum, elbows, knees, ankles, and heels. Pressure on certain areas of the body, called pressure points, can reduce the blood supply to the skin and tissues under the skin. When a change in position doesn't occur often enough and the blood supply gets too low, a sore may form. Although easily prevented and completely treatable if found early, bedsores can become serious health issues and can be fatal.

Shear: force created when the skin of a patient stays in one place as the deep fascia and skeletal muscle slide down with gravity.

Off Loading: also known as "Off Weighting", is to relieve or remove pressure from a part of the body. Off Loading is typically required when there is a wound present or a bony prominence that is causing increased pressure. Off Loading can also be required when external forces (such as a cast or brace) are increasing pressure or if a patient is wheel chair bound or on bed rest.

Care Gifting: gifts designed to be given to post-procedure help bring comfort and show care.

Channeling: the effect created when a limb is placed upon an Orthobean pillow. A channel is created to cradle the limb, reduce lateral movement, and stabilize or relive a pressure point.

Microbeads: are tiny spherical balls or beads made of polystyrene, a styrofoam-like substance. The unique properties of microbeads allow them to compress under pressure and then retain their original size and support when released.

Repositioning Schedule: a written schedule of turning, or repositioning a patient in order to reduce the potential for bedsores. It affords the patient increased circulation which relieves lack of oxygen to the tissues, a major cause of skin breakdown. Repositioning is most beneficial when the schedule is written and performed around the clock.

Hypoallergenic: a term used to describe items that cause fewer allergic reactions.

Sacrum: the sacrum is a large, triangular bone at the base of the spine and at the upper and back part of the pelvic cavity